This! is Primus. 2011 Take Two
From the first voice box transplant ever to reversing the symptoms of Alzheimer’s by zapping the brain, it has been a fascinating, and on occasion downright weird, year in biomedicine. Who can forget the discovery that faecal transplants ease the symptoms of Parkinson’s? We’ve also reported pills that could prevent cancer, warned of the five small steps to a potentially lethal flu pandemic, and even had a reporter perform intimate acts inside an fMRI scanner to unlock the secrets of consciousness. Here are our top 10 favourite stories of the year.
Woman speaks after pioneering voice box transplant
First ever transplant of combined larynx, thyroid and windpipe has been a resounding success
Daily aspirin cuts risk of colorectal cancer
An aspirin a day reduces the risk of developing hereditary colorectal cancer and could be of benefit to those with a family history of other cancers
Sex on the brain: Orgasms unlock altered consciousness
Our intrepid reporter performs an intimate act in an fMRI scanner to explore the pathways of pleasure and pain
Faecal transplant eases symptoms of Parkinson’s
Diabetes and even obesity, as well as Parkinson’s disease, might be cured just by replacing the bacteria in your gut
Genes marked by stress make grandchildren mentally ill
A little thing called methylation means that parental neglect, or eating a poor diet, could lead to depression or schizophrenia two generations later
Genes from algae allow blind mice to see
Blind people could one day have their sight restored thanks to a treatment that borrows a gene from algae and installs it into the eye
Five easy mutations to make bird flu a lethal pandemic
A lethal form of bird flu that spreads easily between humans has yet to appear – but a new study suggests it might evolve easily
First viable sperm cells grown from scratch
For the first time viable mouse sperm have been grown outside the testes. If this works for human sperm, it could mean new treatments for infertile men
Anti-dengue mosquitoes released in Australia
Some 300,000 mosquitoes carrying a bacterium that limits their ability to spread dengue fever have been released in Queensland
Alzheimer’s damage reversed by deep brain stimulation
Brain shrinkage in people with Alzheimer’s disease can be reversed in some cases by zapping the degenerating tissue with electrical impulses
Alcohol is more dangerous than illegal drugs like heroin and crack cocaine, according to a new study.
British experts evaluated substances including alcohol, cocaine, heroin, ecstasy and marijuana, ranking them based on how destructive they are to the individual who takes them and to society as a whole.
Researchers analyzed how addictive a drug is and how it harms the human body, in addition to other criteria like environmental damage caused by the drug, its role in breaking up families and its economic costs, such as health care, social services, and prison.
Neuropharmacologist David Nutt, MD, of Imperial College London, and colleagues rated 20 different drugs on a scale that takes into account the various harms caused by a drug. Drugs are rated on nine harms a drug causes an individual and seven harms a drug causes society.
The scale, developed by a panel of experts called the Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs (ICSD), ranges from 0 (no harm) to 100 (greatest possible harm). It is weighted so that a drug that scores 50 is half as harmful as a drug that scores 100.
“The highest and lowest overall harm scores … are 72 for alcohol and 5 for mushrooms,” Nutt and colleagues calculate. “The ICSD scores lend support to the widely accepted view that alcohol is an extremely harmful drug both to users and to society.”
Alcohol was found to be the most harmful drug to society and the fourth most harmful drug to users.
The findings should come as no surprise: Alcohol has been linked to more than 60 diseases.
When we (Saints) get the ball:
When we (Saints) score the touchdown:
When we (Saints) get the 2 point conversion:
When San Francisco gets the ball:
When they start doing shit and going down the field:
When San Francisco makes the final winning touchdown:
On the outside I’ll just be like:
But on the inside:
The NYTM has been a staple of this industry since its beginning in 2004. Through their monthly events, the NY Tech Meetup has given countless startups support from an incredibly welcoming and encouraging community.
So, it means a tremendous amount for Tumblr to return to NYTM, 4 years after our very own demo, as an Annual Sustaining Sponsor. We’re honored to help support companies developing great technology and couldn’t be more proud to call the New York tech community our home.
Picture of the Day. Claire Felicie’s series of portraits of Marines before, during and after their tours of duty in Afghanistan are touching and powerful. Above are Jasper, Age 21 and Luke, Age 25. Visit her website to see more of her photography of Marines in Afghanistan, especially her series of portraits of them holding their lucky charms. Also check out the Lens Culture post on this series.
#sunset at #electriczoo (Taken with instagram)